Air Canada reports first quarter results
May 5, 2011, Montreal - Air Canada today reported a first quarter operating loss of $66 million compared to an operating loss of $136 million in the first quarter of 2010, a $70 million improvement.
May 5, 2011 By Carey Fredericks
Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and impairment, and aircraft rent (EBITDAR) of $207 million increased $57 million from the first quarter of 2010.
"I am pleased to report continued improvement during the first quarter of 2011, despite the significant increase in fuel prices year-over-year. This progress was the result of our rigorous commitment to pursuing the corporate priorities that have underpinned Air Canada's transformation," said Calin Rovinescu, President and Chief Executive Officer.
"In the quarter, we incurred over $120 million in additional fuel expense from the same quarter last year. Based on expected jet fuel prices and system capacity, we estimate that these higher fuel prices will add approximately $800 million to our operating costs in 2011. While fully offsetting increased fuel prices poses a significant challenge for an international carrier, we are aggressively pursuing a number of initiatives including capacity adjustments, fare and fuel surcharge increases, where competitively feasible, and incremental cost reduction opportunities in an attempt to mitigate the impact on Air Canada's 2011 results," continued Mr. Rovinescu.
In the first quarter of 2011, system passenger revenues increased $216 million or 10.3 per cent from the first quarter of 2010 on a 5.7 per cent growth in traffic and a 4.2 per cent improvement in yield. System capacity increased 7.7 per cent from the first quarter of 2010, the result of capacity increases implemented after the first quarter of 2010 which continued into the first quarter of 2011, and supported by a 7.3 per cent increase in aircraft utilization of existing aircraft. The system yield growth of 4.2 per cent mainly reflected higher fares and fuel surcharges to partly offset higher fuel prices. Premium cabin revenues grew $57 million or almost 13 per cent from the same quarter in 2010, mainly due to traffic growth of 12 per cent. Passenger revenue per available seat mile ("RASM") increased 2.2 per cent from the first quarter of 2010 due to the yield improvement. Excluding the unfavourable impact of foreign exchange on foreign currency denominated revenues, RASM increased 3.3 per cent in the first quarter of 2011.
Operating expenses increased $164 million or 6 per cent from the first quarter of 2010, mainly due to the system capacity growth of 7.7 per cent and an increase in fuel expense of $123 million, or 20 per cent, from the previous year's quarter. Partially offsetting these increases was the favourable impact of a stronger Canadian dollar on foreign currency denominated expenses (which reduced operating expenses by approximately$63 million when compared to the first quarter of 2010). Cost Transformation Program ("CTP") initiatives also contributed to reducing various operating expenses.
Unit cost in the first quarter of 2011, as measured by operating expense per available seat mile ("CASM"), decreased 1.4 per cent compared to the first quarter of 2010. Excluding fuel expense, CASM decreased 5.3 per cent year-over-year. The favourable impact of a stronger Canadian dollar on foreign currency denominated operating expenses (mainly U.S. dollars), the capacity growth, the impact of CTP initiatives, as well as increases in aircraft utilization and average stage length compared to the first quarter of 2010 contributed to the year-over-year CASM decrease.
Air Canada reported a net loss of $19 million in the first quarter of 2011 compared to a net loss of $112 million in the first quarter of 2010. The net loss in the first quarter of 2011 included foreign exchange gains of $104 million, while the net loss in the first quarter of 2010 included foreign exchange gains of $123 million.
Air Canada reported a loss per diluted share of ($0.07) in the first quarter of 2011 on an unadjusted basis. The airline reported a loss per diluted share, on an adjusted basis, of ($0.45) in the first quarter of 2011 compared to a loss per diluted share, on an adjusted basis, of ($0.85) in the first quarter of 2010. Loss per diluted share for the first quarter of 2011 was adjusted to remove Air Canada's gains on foreign exchange of $104 million. The loss per diluted share for the first quarter of 2010 was adjusted to remove Air Canada's gains on foreign exchange of $123 million.
At March 31, 2011, Air Canada's cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments amounted to $2.114 billion which represented 19 per cent of 12-month trailing operating revenues.
Air Canada has now commenced labour negotiations with all its Canadian labour unions as all its collective agreements in Canada expire this year. "Over the past two years we have worked hard to build a more transparent relationship with our labour unions. We have also seen higher engagement levels among our employees, improved customer satisfaction ratings and our employees have helped us win a number of industry awards and recognitions. I am confident we can build a stronger airline together," said Calin Rovinescu.
In its March 16th, 2011 news release, Air Canada projected that its 2011 system wide capacity growth would be in the range of 4.5 to 5.5 per cent and that its full year 2011 domestic capacity would increase by up to 1.5 per cent. In response to higher fuel prices, Air Canada now expects to increase its full year 2011 system capacity, as measured by available seat miles ("ASMs"), by 3.5 to 4.5 per cent and now expects to decrease its full year 2011 domestic capacity by up to 0.5 per cent, respectively, from the full year 2010 levels. The system capacity increase is expected to be achieved primarily through the use of aircraft in Air Canada's current fleet. As projected in its March 16th, 2011 news release, Air Canada continues to expect its full year 2011 CASM, excluding fuel expense, to decrease by up to 2.0 per cent from the full year 2010 level.
For the second quarter of 2011, Air Canada plans to increase its system ASM capacity by 5.5 to 6.5 per cent compared to the second quarter of 2010 and expects CASM, excluding fuel expense, to decrease from the second quarter of 2010 by 0.5 to 1.5 per cent.
In its April 6th, 2011 news release, Air Canada had projected EBITDAR for the first half of 2011 to be approximately at the same level as the first half of 2010. Air Canada now expects first half 2011 EBITDAR to exceed first half 2010 EBITDAR by up to 5 percent.
In mid-2009, Air Canada launched the CTP, identifying and implementing initiatives with a goal of generating annualized revenue gains and cost savings, including through contract and operating process improvements and productivity gains. In 2010, Air Canada achieved and delivered annual benefits of $330 million. To date, Air Canada has achieved $440 million of its overall CTP target of $530 million for the end of 2011, on a run-rate basis. Air Canada views the CTP as one of its most important priorities and continuous cost transformation and improvement will remain a critical objective going forward beyond achievement and completion of the CTP targets.
Air Canada's outlook assumes that the North American economy will continue to recover in 2011. In addition, Air Canada expects that the Canadian dollar will trade, on average, at C$0.97 per U.S. dollar in the second quarter of 2011 and C$0.98 per U.S. dollar for the full year 2011 and that the price of fuel will average 90 cents per litre for the second quarter of 2011 and 88 cents per litre for the full year 2011.