HELSINKI — Finland says it has received final offers from all five manufacturers bidding in a contest to provide new fighter jets to the Nordic country’s military in a 10 billion-euro (US$12 billion) deal to replace its aging fleet of F-18 Hornet aircraft.
The Finnish Defence Forces said Thursday that it would carefully evaluate quotations received from the governments of Britain, France, Sweden and the United States by fall this year.
After that the Finnish government led by Prime Minister Sanna Marin would pick the winner by the end of 2021, most likely in December.
The fighter jet models in contention for the deal are the Boeing F-18 Super Hornet and Lockheed Martin F-35A from the United States, Dassault Rafale from France, Eurofighter Typhoon from Britain and the Saab Gripen from Sweden.
The Saab Gripen E includes a new-generation radar called AESA, which stands for Active Electronically Scanned Array that incorporates many small antennas, called elements, to simultaneously and independently track different targets. (Photo: Saab)
Boeing’s F/A-18 Block III Super Hornet would build on the RCAF’s existing fighter jet infrastructure. (Photo: Boeing)
Boeing said in a separate statement that its offer includes the option of Finland acquiring a combination of the F-18 Super Hornets and its electronic warfare variant, the EA-18G Growler, which is currently used only in Australia apart from the United States.
European Union member Finland is a militarily non-aligned nation but closely co-operates with NATO _ a situation similar to neighbouring Sweden. The Finnish Air Force has a fleet of more than 60 F-18s and started a process in 2014 to look for a successor to the fighters which were acquired in the early 1990s.
The Pentagon said in October that the U.S. State Department has approved a potential sale of U.S.-made fighter jets and precision guided munitions to Finland, and that the Congress has been notified of the issue.
The Finnish military didn’t disclose Thursday any details of the final bids which had a deadline of Friday, or how many planes each manufacturer would offer but the number is generally expected to hover between 60-64.
It said the winner would be picked on four main considerations: the multi-role fighter’s military capability, security of supply, proposed industrial co-operation with Finland and costs.
All the candidate planes went through rigid field tests in Finland last year and would still go through a simulated war game later this year to determine their operational efficiency.
“Security and defence policy implications will be assessed separately outside of the actual tendering process,” the Finnish Defence Forces said in a statement.
Finland, which shares a 1,340-kilometre (832-mile) border with Russia, has remarkably increased bilateral defence and military co-operation with both Sweden and the United States in the past few years.
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